That's why folks like David Flynn, a University of North Dakota professor of economics, are jumping at the chance to study this booming state.
As the head of the Bureau of Business and Economic Research, Flynn is researching the oil boom and other factors that could have long-lasting effects on the North Dakota economy, population and housing.
"Economists have gotten the reputation of being the bearers of bad news," said Flynn. He knows that the black gold won't make the economy stay booming forever. Like all booms, Flynn predicts this too will eventually slow as a result of growing too much too fast.
Most media attention is directed toward the oil boom; however, Flynn recognizes there are many subtle factors at play.
The state's agricultural growth and the expansion of the retail sector from Canadian traffic helped spur the economy. North Dakota also stayed above the red because it was one of the few states in which banks did not participate in subprime mortgage loans. These loans were deemed a major factor in the 2008 recession.
There is no question that the oil boom has caused people to flock to the state in search of jobs. The question on economists' minds is whether or not this population growth will be sustainable.
That is precisely why Flynn has turned his attention to studying local businesses. He is curious to know if bringing additional services and businesses to towns near the oil fields will give these temporary residents a reason to stay.
In another study, Flynn and a colleague from the University of Nebraska-Omaha picked South Dakota as a central meeting point to observe the survival of rural businesses there. Through their research, they found that rural businesses in South Dakota seem to survive more than urban businesses in particular sectors for reasons they are still investigating.
When not knee-deep in research, Flynn discusses the changes in North Dakota's economy with his students.
"The growth has made for an interesting case study for population and forecasting topics as a positive spot in the U.S. economy," said Flynn.
Flynn teaches courses in economic forecasting, statistics, banking and bank regulations, and population analysis. He enjoys being able to integrate lectures with topics he is currently studying.
Because of Flynn's research, UND is getting an up-close look at the state's changes and students are getting hands-on experience in the field of economics.
How long will North Dakota keep booming?
That's hard to say. Rest assured economists like Flynn have their nose to the grindstone, eager to find out.